https://mpaeds.my/journals/index.php/MJPCH/issue/feed Malaysian Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2020-02-04T03:35:36+00:00 Zilfalil Bin Alwi zilfalil@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>The online Malaysian Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health (MJPCH) provides a forum for the dissemination of original research articles as well as review articles in all areas related to Paediatrics and Child Health.</p> <p>This open-access journal focuses on cutting-edge research in the field of Paediatrics and Child Health, including case reports on different clinical findings, hence sharing not only the knowledge but the experience of specialists and consultants in the related fields. Researchers will also have the opportunity to submit their findings in a form of short communications. Different types of submissions will benefit not only the paediatricians but also the general medical profession.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> https://mpaeds.my/journals/index.php/MJPCH/article/view/90 THE THEORETICAL MODEL OF SCHOOL REFUSAL: THE SELF-EFFICACY CONCEPT 2020-01-30T02:56:24+00:00 Maruzairi Husain drzairi@usm.my Vi Vien Ng vivng82@gmail.com <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: School refusal is a common cause of chronically poor school attendance. The basis of school refusal behaviour can be grouped into the symptomatic and functional models, the operant conditioning model and the cognitive model. <strong>Objective</strong>: This paper is aimed to discuss the various systems and models which explain the school refusal behaviour. <strong>Method:</strong> An initial search of published literature in English Language was performed on the online databases including Google Scholar, Science Direct, EBSCOhost, and Proquest with the main keywords were School Refusal and Self–efficacy. Further sources were identified after consulting the original author for recommendations, and references within the literature retrieved in the initial search. <strong>Results:</strong> Out of 57 articles found, 41 were used in this review. Development and maintenance of school refusal involve heterogeneous risk factors and processes. The existing theoretical basis of school refusal behaviour can be grouped into symptomatic models, the operant conditioning model and the cognitive model. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> School refusal depicts a symptom, heralding the need for early intervention before development of a more pervasive mental health disorder. Where the problem had persisted for months to years, the child or adolescent would commonly present with coexisting anxiety or depressive disorders.</p> 2020-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Malaysian Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health https://mpaeds.my/journals/index.php/MJPCH/article/view/88 CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS DISEASES 2020-02-04T03:35:36+00:00 Zarina Thasneem Zainudeen zarina.zainudeen@usm.my Ilie Fadzilah Hashim iliehashim@usm.my Intan Juliana Abd Hamid intanj@usm.my 2020-02-04T03:30:03+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Malaysian Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health