Development of a Questionnaire to Assess the Mothers Knowledge and Attitude towards Hearing Loss in Children

Authors

  • Deepashini Harithasan Centre for Rehabilitation and Special Needs, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Rafidah Mazlan Centre for Rehabilitation and Special Needs, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Wong Yun Ai Audiology Programme, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51407/mjpch.v28i1.160

Keywords:

knowledge, Attitude, Maternal, Hearing loss, Children

Abstract

Objective: The support from mothers towards children with hearing loss is important for an early identification, diagnosis and intervention. Attempts at exploring the existing knowledge and attitude among mothers are crucial, which may lead to a greater benefit for the children and overall satisfaction for the child and the family. Thus, the present study was attempted to explore the knowledge and attitude of mothers towards children with hearing loss through the use of a valid and reliable questionnaire developed for this purpose in Malay-language. Methods: Questionnaire was developed based on past literature on knowledge, attitude and focus group discussions (FGD) which involved a representative from primary health care providers, ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgeon and audiologists. Translations follow a forward-backward procedure, independently carried out by two native-speakers of the target language. Translated questionnaires have undergone a pilot testing which involved 30 Malaysian mothers who visited the health clinics. The internal consistency of the two main domains (knowledge and attitude) was computed by the Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient to assess the reliability of the newly developed questionnaire. Results: The range of Cronbach’s Alpha showed a considerable consistency for both the knowledge and attitude with Cronbach’s Alpha of 0.77 and 0.78, respectively. Conclusion: The questionnaire regarding the knowledge and attitude of mothers towards children with hearing loss is a reliable and valid instrument. This research introduced the Malay-language version of the knowledge and attitude questionnaire as the first formal validated questionnaire and confirmed a high reliability and validity for the evaluation of mother’s knowledge and attitude towards children with hearing loss.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

World Health Organization (WHO). Deafness and hearing loss, factsheet. February 2017 [cited 2017 April 20].

Mathers C, Smith A, Concha M. Global burden of hearing loss in the year 2000. Global burden of Disease. 2000;18(4):1-30.

Ahmad A, Mohamad I, Mansor S, Daud MK, Sidek D. Outcome of a newborn hearing screening program in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia: the first five years. Annals of Saudi Medicine. 2011;31(1),24-8.

Mukari SZ, Tan KY, Abdullah A. A pilot project on hospital-based universal newborn hearing screening: lessons learned. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2006;70(5),843-51.

Yusoff YM, Umat C, Mukari SZ. Profil penerima implan koklea kebangsaan bagi kanak-kanak bermasalah pendengaran pralingual di Malaysia. Jurnal Sains Kesihatan Malaysia. 2017;15(2):153-62.

Yoshinaga-Itano C, Sedey AL, Coulter DK, Mehl AL. Language of early-and later-identified children with hearing loss. Pediatrics. 1998;102(5),1161-71.

Pimperton H, Kennedy CR. The impact of early identification of permanent childhood hearing impairment on speech and language outcomes. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2012 Jul 1;97(7):648-53.

Olusanya BO, Luxon LM, Wirz SL. Maternal views on infant hearing loss in a developing country. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2006 Apr 1;70(4):619-23.

Ravi R, Yerraguntla K, Gunjawate DR, Rajashekhar B, Lewis LE, Guddattu V. Knowledge and attitude (KA) survey regarding infant hearing loss in Karnataka, India. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2016 Jun 1;85:1-4.

Salavati M, Waninge A, Rameckers EA, Van Der Steen J, Krijnen WP, Van Der Schans CP, Steenbergen B. Development and face validity of a cerebral visual impairment motor questionnaire for children with cerebral palsy. Child: care, health and development. 2017; 43(1), 37-47.

Trakman GL, Forsyth A, Hoye R, Belski R. Developing and validating a nutrition knowledge questionnaire: key methods and considerations. Public Health Nutrition. 2017; 20(15), 2670-9.

Guillemin F, Bombardier C, Beaton D. Cross-cultural adaptation of health-related quality of life measures: literature review and proposed guidelines. Journal of Clinical Eepidemiology. 1993 Dec 1;46(12):1417-32.

Wild D, Grove A, Martin M, Eremenco S, McElroy S, Verjee-Lorenz A, Erikson P. Principles of good practice for the translation and cultural adaptation process for patient-reported outcomes (PRO) measures: report of the ISPOR task force for translation and cultural adaptation. Value in Health. 2005 Mar 1;8(2):94-104.

Streiner DL. Starting at the beginning: an introduction to coefficient alpha and internal consistency. Journal of Personality Assessment. 2003 Feb 1;80(1):99-103.

Parsian N, Dunning T. Developing and validating a questionnaire to measure spirituality: A psychometric process. Global Journal of Health Science. 2009 Apr 1;1(1):2-11.

DeVon HA, Block ME, Moyle-Wright P, Ernst DM, Hayden SJ, Lazzara DJ, Savoy SM, Kostas-Polston E. A psychometric toolbox for testing validity and reliability. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 2007 Jun;39(2):155-64.

Caljouw MA, Van Beuzekom M, Boer F. Patient’s satisfaction with perioperative care: development, validation, and application of a questionnaire. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2008 May 1;100(5):637-44.

Nunnally JC. Psychometric theory. NY: McGraw-Hill. 1978.

Pascoe GC. Patient satisfaction in primary health care: a literature review and analysis. Evaluation and Program Planning. 1983 Jan 1;6(3-4):185-210.

Downloads

Published

2022-06-16

How to Cite

Harithasan, D. ., Mazlan, R., & Yun Ai, W. . (2022). Development of a Questionnaire to Assess the Mothers Knowledge and Attitude towards Hearing Loss in Children. Malaysian Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 28(1), 32-38. https://doi.org/10.51407/mjpch.v28i1.160

Issue

Section

Original Article